Families suffer in the shadows of HB56. Photo by Nuno Dantas

The SPLC’s Mary Bauer’s testified to the real harms of HB56 in the lives of Alabama’s families, workers, and children.  HB56’s legal impact is massive, targeting all aspects of people’s lives, but the greater impact comes from the fear and distrust that have taken on a life of their own due to HB56.  The SPLC and the ACLU set up an HB56 hotline, 1-800-982-1620, to document and respond to HB56’s impact.  They received thousands of calls.  Here is a small sample of the tragedy they uncovered (as published in Bauer’s testimony):

  • A mother in northern Alabama was told she could not attend a book fair at her daughter’s school without an Alabama state ID or driver’s license.
  • A father called to report that his U.S. citizen daughter came home weeping from school after other students told her she did not belong there and needed to go back to Mexico—a country she had never visited.
  • A judge advised a lawyer that the lawyer had obligation to report her own client to ICE as undocumented. The same judge stated that he might have to report to ICE any person who asked for an interpreter, as such a request would be a red flag.
  • Latino workers on a construction jobsite were threatened by a group of men with guns, who told them to go back to Mexico and threatened to kill them if they were there the following day. They declined to report the crime to law enforcement because of fears of what would happen to them if they did.
  • A clerk at a store in Bessemar told a Latino man (lawfully in the United States) from Ohio that he could not make a purchase with his bank card because he did not have an Alabama state issued identification or driver’s license.
  • A victim of domestic violence went to court to obtain a protective order. The clerk told her that she’d be reported to ICE if she proceeded.
  • A local bar association has advised its lawyers that if they are asked to report information about their undocumented clients to law enforcement, the requirements of HB56 will override the legal obligation to preserve a client’s confidences.
  • By the first Monday after HB56 was allowed to take effect, 2,285 Latino students were absent from schools across Alabama; 7 percent of the total Latino school population. Since then, the Attorney General and the state have refused to share enrollment and absentee data to anyone, including the United States Department of Justice.
  • A public school in Montgomery asked already enrolled Latino students questions about their immigration status and that of their parents. As a result, some parents are keeping their children out of school.
  • In Allgood, the water authority posted a sign indicating that water customers would have to produce identification documents proving immigration status in order to maintain water service.
  • In Northport, the water authority provided notices to Latino customers that their services will be shut off if they didn’t provide proof of immigration status immediately.
  • In Madison County and in Decatur, the public utilities have announced that they will not provide water, gas, or sewage service to people who could not prove their status.
  • Numerous probate offices, including the Montgomery Probate Office and the Houston County Probate Office, have published notices indicating that they will not provide any services to anyone without proof of immigration status. As a result, many immigrants cannot request birth or death certificates.
  • An apartment complex manager in Hoover told residents they would not be able to renew their leases without proof of immigration status.
  • Legal immigrants, including those with temporary protected status, have been told that they cannot obtain drivers’ licenses in the state.
  • A worker called to say that his employer refused to pay him, citing HB56, and stated that the worker had no rights to be paid under this law.
  • A mother spoke to the local office of the Department of Human Resources about her U.S. citizen children’s eligibility for food stamps. The social worker told the mother that she would be turning the mother into the federal government for deportation. The family went into hiding.
  • Alabama Power told a family that they would not be able to have their electricity reconnected without providing proof of immigration status. That family left the state.
  • A husband called us to report that his wife, nine months pregnant, was too afraid to go to a hospital in Alabama to give birth, and that he was trying to decide whether to have her give birth at home or somehow to try to get to Florida.
  • A Latino man was arrested and detained. While in jail, he was told that he could not use the telephone to call his attorney because the use of the phone would be a “business transaction” prohibited by HB56.

For more, real life stories of families and individuals suffering because of HB56 please visit Becoming Visible.

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